(Or A Pulsed DC Supply)
While the ZAPPER LTS+ was designed to apply the principles of bio-resonance in disrupting pathogens, this versatile design is also very capable of producing high quality Colloidal Silver in pure distilled water. The pulsed output, when used to drive the Colloidal Silver Generator, results in very fine particle size, as evidenced by the transparent yellow color of the finished product.
In this photo you can see the 8 ounce glass generator container, and itís screw on non-conductive cap with the silver generating electrodes installed. The alligator clip equipped leads simply clip onto the exposed ends of the electrodes on top of the cap, while their other ends plug into the jacks on the top of the ZAPPER LTS+ main housing. The electrodes are a friction fit in the non-conductive cap, leaving them easily removable for cleaning if desired.
The accessories shown in the photo above are provided with both of the deluxe versions of the kit, or with the completed ZAPPER LTS+ systems. These include a 14 guage, .9999 fine silver "ANODE" (produced by Handy & Harmon)- (about 1/16" diameter), and a 1/8" diameter Stainless Steel "CATHODE", as well as the container and cover, and the hookup leads (or materials to assemble them with the deluxe kits.)
<A >Fill the clean glass jar with pure distilled water, Heat in your microwave for up to 2-1/2 minutes ( or in an enameled or stainless steel pan, or heat resistant glass container on the stove. A glass coffee pot is also usable. If you have a thermometer, youíre looking for about (150 to) 180 degrees F.
It's Simple: By adding the only thing you want in the end product, Colloidal silver from a previously made batch!
Use about 1/4 of your first batch as a "STARTER" for subsequent batches; fill the generator container up the rest of the way with pure distilled water. This gives the process a "Jump start" by increasing the conductivity dramatically, and will shorten the overall time to completion.*
>> HINT: If you keep the container hot while running the generating process, it will work faster. The warmer plate on a coffee maker machine would work great for this purpose, as do the mini hot plates made to keep a coffee cup warm, (Available for $6.94 in our local Wal-Mart; the one in the photo below is made by RIVAL)
>> Screw on the plastic lid with the electrodes, and attach the leads: Red / Positive lead to the smaller diameter silver 'Anode', Black / Negative lead to the larger diameter Stainless Steel 'cathode'.
< B > Plug one lead with the black pin plug into the BLACK Output Jack, and clip itís alligator clip to the larger 1/8" diameter stainless steel electrode, (which acts as the Cathode when hooked up this way.)
< C > Plug the other lead with the red pin plug into the RED Output Jack, and clip itís other end to the smaller 1/16" diameter SILVER electrode (which acts as the ANODE when hooked up in this way.)
[NOTE: If you have a Digital Multi- Meter (DMM), it can be set to the 20 milli-amps current measuring mode, and monitor the progress of this process by watching the current through the generator slowly rise. To add it in the generator circuit, you need it in 'series' in one side of the system. To do this:
< D > Turn on the power. If youíre starting with pure distilled water, youíll have to be patient; watch the larger stainless steel cathode, (the one with the wire lead coming from the BLACK output ground jack on the ZAPPER LTS+) for signs of gas bubbles starting to form. It should be about a half hour or more after you turn it on.Once they do , you know that the process is getting "up to speed"; in other words, the conductivity has increased due to the build up of colloidal silver ions already in the solution.
< E > With a white background (and a glass of clear, untreated water along side for comparison) you will begin to detect a clear yellowish color starting to form; this is caused by the way that light Ďrefractsí off of very minute particles of colloidal silver in the water; see Peter Lindemannís article on the web, mentioned previously, for a more detailed explanation of this.
< F > Now that the hydrogen bubbles are being produced at the negatively charged anode, itís time to watch for the "grey sludge build-up" on there; you're getting close.
< G >You can pause the operation and carefully unscrew the cover without knocking any of the greyish sludge loose, and then slowly raise the cap with the electrodes out of the colloidal silver solution. Then wipe off the electrodes thoroughly with a paper towel before reassembling the generator, hooking the clips back to their proper electrodes, and turning the power back on.
< H > If you don't have a meter to monitor the progress, when the buildup is noticeable again, it may be time to call your batch done. There should be a clear golden yellow color to the finished product.
< J > Even if the product looks clear, filtering is advisable before transferring the product to a brown or cobalt blue glass container to protect it from deterioration due to light. (Light "knocks the charge" off of the charged colloidal silver particles, and while you can't see evidence of this happening with your eyes, you should remember that many of those in a position to know, like Dr. Becker, relate the benificial effects possible from CS as being directly related to this charge. Ultra-violet light, in particular, is what can produce the charge stripping we want to avoid. While you can't see visible changes in the product, understand that it is going on.
TECH NOTE: With too high a current flowing through the generator, hydrogen gas is produced so rapidly at the cathode that it knocks off this coarse silver sludge, allowing it to disperse through the colloidal silver solution, something you definitely donít need. Even without an excessive current flow, with a smaller surface cathode, some of the plated out "silver sludge" will disperse into the water, and so filtering may always be a good idea.
Filtering will remove most of these course particles ; even regular coffee filters will filter out what comes off the cathode again. Using a double or triple thickness of coffee filters is advised by many. Lab grade filter paper is far more expensive, but is available in finer textures to remove finer particles; the Colloidal particles you want will pass right through.
I'm presently running batches to when the current on the meter reads 8 mA, then stopping the process there and filtering the product before storing it out of the light. ( Sensitivity to light is talked about HERE.)
I'll talk about PPM figures below.
To really know, you will need to buy a TDS meter, or use a Digital Meter, monitoring the current, as shown above. Now, Iíll give you preliminary numbers for relating the current measured with the DVM directly to PPM of Colloidal Silver in your finished product. With the specific electrode size and spacing we are using (3-1/4" wetted electrodes, 1/2" apart) and a supply voltage of 15 volts from the 10 cell pack, cutting off the generating process when the meter reads 8 mA (milli-Amps) results in a colloidal silver concentration in several batches that consistantly reads 20 PPM on the Hanna TDS1 meter, as factory calibrated.
I will soon have lab tests done to get their rateing of the concentration of C.S. in the same product, and will elaborate on the process to either adjust the calibration on the TDS1, of a simple conversion factor to use with this meter to acurately relate the meter reading to the CS concentration in PPM in your product. The Colloidal Silver Technical Discussions Page also includes further information on callibration procedures for TDS meters.
NOW, by monitoring the current in the process with your DVM as described, youíll be able to know when to stop the process for the desired PPM of colloidal silver by simply watch the climbing meter reading. No more guessing, or stopping to test with a different meter. You can verify your results later by testing with a TDS1 meter if desired.
Also note that I take a break from producing this research equipment each year during February, March, and April, so that I can take care of personal businees and devote more of my energy to my own research and well-being. Any requests / orders submitted during that time period will be completed after I return to production work in early May.